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Complete list of indoor plants and their Light requirements

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Indoor plant light

Before we look into the complete list of indoor plants and their light requirements, let us first understand the significance of light in plant growth and know about light levels and foot-candle. 

Light directly influences plant growth and flowering by inducing photosynthesis and feeding plants energy. Plants are dependent on light to generate food, induce the growing cycle and allow for healthy development.

Even though all plants require light, not all re­quire the same amount of light. Generally, the more light a plant gets, the more food it can make. When a plant gets less light than it needs, the food reserves are used up and the plant’s health declines. Your success with plants will depend largely on choosing proper plants that will grow in the amount of light you have in your home.

The light level determines the types of plants that can be grown. Recommended light levels for plants are given in foot candles.

A foot-candle is the illumination of a surface one foot from the light of a standard candle.

Plants will grow in higher light levels than the preferred levels to be mentioned, but they will not survive below minimum levels of light.

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In Sunlight:

Low designates a minimum light level of 12 foot-candles and a preferred level of 35 to 100 foot-candles.

Medium designates a minimum of 35 foot-candles and a preferred level of 100 to 250 foot-candles.

High designates a minimum of 100 foot-candles and a preferred level of 250 foot-candles.

Very High designates a minimum of 500 foot-candles and a preferred level of over 500 foot-candles.

Using Artificial Light with cool white fluorescent lamps as the standard:

Low designates a minimum high level of 25 foot-candles, preferred level of 75 to 200 foot-candles. (Just enough daylight to read by)

Medium designates a minimum of 75 to 100 foot-candles and a preferred level of 200 to 500 foot-candles. (A well-lighted room with natural light)

High designates a minimum of 200 foot-candles and a preferred level of 500 to 1000 foot-candles. (Many windows, lots of natural light)

Very High designates a minimum of 1000 foot candles and a preferred level of over 1000 foot-candles.

A foot-candle is the illumination of a surface one foot from the light of a standard candle. Light meters measure light intensity in foot-candles, luxes, or micro-Einsteins.

Common NameScientific Name
Arrowhead Vine (Nephthytis, Arrowhead plant, Arrowhead Philodendron, Goosefoot plant, African evergreen, American evergreen)Syngonium podophyllum
Bamboo PalmChamaedorea erumpens
Cast Iron PlantAspidistra elatior
Chinese EvergreenAglaonema modestum
Corn PlantDracaena fragrans
Figs, CreepingFicus pumila
Golden Pothos (Money Plant, Devil’s Ivy, Ivy Arum)Epipremnum aureum
Heartleaf PhilodendronPhilodendron scandens oxycardium
Holly FernCrytomium falcatum
Kentia PalmHowea forsteriana
Lipstick VineAeschynanthus pulcher
Monstera (Split-leaf philodendron)delicious monster, fruit salad plant)Monstera deliciosa
Parlor Palm (Parlour Plant)Chamaedorea elegans
Rabbit foot fernDavallia fejeensis
Snake PlantSansevieria trifasciata
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Complete list of indoor plants that need medium light

Common NameScientific Name
Aluminum Plant (Pilea)Pilea cadierei
Asparagus Fern (asparagus grass, lace fern, climbing asparagus, or ferny asparagus)Asparagus setaceus
Baby’s TearsSoleirolia soleirolii
Bird’s Nest FernAsplenium nidus
Boston FernNephrolepis exaltata
Climbing philodendronPhilodendron ‘Red Princess’
Coffee PlantCoffea arabica
Coral berryArdisia crenata
CrossandraCrossandra infundibuliformis
Daffodil ( trumpet narcissus, bulb-forming plant)Narcissus
Dumb CaneDieffenbachia amoena
Earth-starCryptanthus spp.
ExacumExacum affine
Fatshedera (Botanical Wonder )Fatshedera lizei
Fiddleleaf philodendron ( Horsehead Philodendron)Philodendron bipennifolium
Figs, Fiddle LeafFicus lyrata
Fingernail PlantNeoregelia spectabilis 
Flame FlowerEpiscia spp.
flame violetEpiscia cupreata
Gold-Dust PlantDracaena surculosa
Goldfish plantColumnes
Grape Leaf IvyCissus rhombifolia
Hedera Ivy ( English Ivy)Hedera helix
India Rubber Plant (Rubber fig, Rubber bush, Rubber tree, Rubber plant, Indian rubber bush, Indian rubber tree)Ficus elastica
Japanese Fatsia (Japanese Aralia)Fatsia japonica
Kaffir Lily (Natal lily or bush lilyClivia miniata
Lady PalmRhapis excelsa
Maidenhair fernAdiantum raddianum
Mosaic PlantFittonia verschaffeltii
Moses-in-the-cradle (Moses-in-a-Boat, Boat Lily, Cradle Lily, Moses-in-the-Bullrushes)Tradescantia spathacea
Peace Lily ( White sails, Spathe flower)Spathiphyllum
Philodendron (Spadeleaf philodendron, burgundy philodendron)Philodendron domesticum
Pigmy Date PalmPhoenix roebelenii
PleomeleDracaena reflexa
Prayer PlantMaranta leuconeura
Screw PinePandanus veitchii
Spider PlantChlorophytum comosum
SpiderwortTradescantia spp.
Spotted Dumb CaneDieffenbachia maculata
Staghorn FernPlatycerium spp.
Striped DracaenaDracaena deremensis
Swedish IvyPlectranthus verticillatus
Ti PlantCordyline terminalis
Umbrella PlantCyperus alternifolius
Urn PlantAechmea fasciata
Velvet Plant ( Purple Passion)Gynura aurantiaca
Wandering Jew (Inch Plant)Tradescantia zebrina
Wax Plant ( Porcelainflower, Honey plant)Hoya carnosa
Weeping FigFicus benjamina
Zebra PlantCryptanthus zonatus

Complete list of indoor plants that need high light

Common NameScientific Name
Areca PalmChrysalidocarpus lutescens
Blushing BromeliadNeoregelia carolinae
Buddist Pine (Yew plum pine )Podocarpus macrophyllus
Caladium bicolor (Angel wings)Caladium
Calla LilyZantedeschia sp.
Chenille PlantAcalypha hispida
Christmas CactusSchlumbergera bridgesii
Christmas Kalanchoe (Flaming Katy, Florist Kalanchoe, Madagascar widow’s-thrill)Kalanchoe blossfeldiana
Christmas PepperCapsicum annuum
CinerariaSenecio cruentus
Crown of ThornsEuphorbia milii splendens
Cupid’s Bower (Magic flowers, Widow’s tears, Hot water plant, Nut-orchid, Star of India)Achimenes longiflora
CyclamenCyclamen persicum
False AraliaDizygotheca elegantissima
Flaming swordVriesea splendens
Flowering Maple  (Indian mallow)Abutilon
Japanese Pittosporum (Pittosporum )Pittosporum tobira
Jerusalem Cherry (Madeira winter cherry)Solanum pseudocapsicum
LantanaLantana camara
Mother of thousandsKalanchoe daigremontiana
OleanderNerium oleander
Oyster Plant ( Boat Lily, Moses in a Basket,Moses-in-the-Cradle)Rhoeo spathacea
Panda Plant (pussy ears )Kalanchoe tomentosa
Piggyback PlantTolmiea menziesii
PrimrosePrimula spp.
PrimulaPrimula vulgaris
Rex BegoniaBegonia x rex-cultorum
Sago PalmCycas revoluta
Sensitive Plant (sleepy plant, action plant, touch-me-not)Mimosa pudica
Shrimp PlantJusticia brandegeeana
Silk Oak (silky oak, silk oak or silky oak, silver oak or Australian silver oak)Grevillea robusta
StreptocarpusStreptocarpus spp.
Zebra PlantAphelandra squarrosa

Complete list of indoor plants that need very high light

Common NameScientific Name
African VioletsSaintpaulia ionantha
AloeAloe spp.
BougainvilleaBougainvillea spp.
Burro’s TailSedum morganianum
Busy Lizzie( Balsam, Sultana, Simply impatiens)Impatiens walleriana
ChrysanthemumChrysanthemum spp.
ColeusColeus blumeri
CrotonCodiaeum variegatum
FuchsiaFuchsia spp.
GardeniaGardenia jasminoides
GeraniumPelargonium x hortorum
GloxiniaSinningia speciosa
HibiscusHibiscus rosa-sinensis
Jade PlantCrassula argentea
New Guinea ImpatiensImpatiens hybrids
Passion FlowerPassiflora
PoinsettiaEuphorbia pulcherrima
Strawberry GeraniumSaxifraga stolonifera

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